The culture of ancient Greece is one of the pillars of today’s society. Greco-Roman culture is often spoken of as the basis of Western civilization, but in my view the Greek contributions in this respect were far more important than those of the empire that succeeded it, although this was of greater historical significance because of its great Military power and its conquering politics. The Greeks were creators and innovators culturally speaking, while the Romans knew how to assimilate the knowledge of this people and give them a varnish of their own, adapting them to their needs and the evolution of the times.
We can start with his most important cultural contribution since the Greeks are the inventors of the concept of democracy. While it is true that its concept of democracy is not the same as what we have today, it has undoubtedly been the basis of a mode of political organization that has been said on many occasions that although it is not perfect, no one has managed to elaborate One better. And this is just one of the many contributions that Greek philosophy has given to current thinking. Socrates, Plato and Aristotle are the greatest exponents of this field, but far from the only Greek thinkers whose texts have transcended.
If we speak of the written arts, it was the authors of classical Greece who created genres as important as epic poetry, with Homer as the main representative; Lyric poetry, with authors such as the great poetess Sappho who laid the foundations of current lyric poetry; Also revolutionized the concept of theater, making it what we understand today by introducing the dramatic texts dialogued in representations. They were also great innovators in other disciplines, such as the study of historical facts, with the great Herodotus as a banner.
Greek architecture and sculpture were the basis of the most famous Roman buildings and sculptural works. Thanks to the great expansion of the Roman Empire it has been easy to keep a large amount of legacy in many different countries, but the Hellenic influence is evident to little to be checked.
In the field of religion, it is true that Greek mythology was inspired by others such as the Egyptian or the Mesopotamian, but was able to endow its gods and heroes with stories so human and literally rich that have lasted until our times. The Romans barely changed the names of the divinities to create their own religion, always at the service of the power established in each period of the Empire, in the same way that they later assimilated Christianity and took advantage of the situation.
If we speak of medicine we have only to name Galen, whose name has become synonymous with a doctor or Hippocrates, whose oath continues to be issued by medical professionals around the world today.
The lack of space prevents me from establishing a deeper cultural comparison between Greece and Rome. It is evident that this last one also counts in his credit with great achievements and contributions of great importance, I do not forget that without going further the alphabet in which I write was created by them. It is not at all my intention to disparage the Roman Empire and the great influence it has had on our civilization, but I believe that the data provided are sufficient to understand the claim I make of Greece and its cultural supremacy.